SpongeBob SquarePants is A american animated tv show created by marine biologist and animator Stephen Hillenburg for Nickelodeon. The series chronicles the adventures and endeavors of the name character and his various friends in the fictional underwater city of Bikini Bottom. The series' popularity has managed to get a media franchise, along with the highest rated show to ever air on Nickelodeon, while the most distributed property of MTV Networks. The media franchise has generated $8 billion in merchandising revenue for Nickelodeon.
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Most ideas for the series originated in an unpublished, educational comic book titled The Intertidal Zone, which Hillenburg created in 1989. He began developing SpongeBob SquarePants into a tv series in 1996 upon the cancellation of Rocko's Modern Life, and turned to Tom Kenny, who had worked with him on that show, to sound the character that is titular. SpongeBob was initially likely to be named SpongeBoy, and the series was to be called SpongeBoy Ahoy!, but these were both changed, as the title was already trademarked.
Nickelodeon held a preview for the series in the United States on May 1, 1999, following television airing of the 1999 Kids' Choice Awards. The series officially premiered on July 17, 1999. It has received worldwide acclaim that is critical its premiere and gained enormous popularity by its second period. A feature film, The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie, premiered in theaters on November 19, 2004, and a sequel premiered on February 6, 2015. On July 21, 2012, the series was renewed and aired its season that is ninth with the episode "Extreme Spots".
The show has won a variety of honors, including six Annie Awards, eight Golden Reel Awards, two Emmy Awards, 12 youngsters' option prizes, and two BAFTA Children's Awards. Despite its widespread popularity, the series has been involved with several general public controversies, including one predicated on speculation over SpongeBob's intended sexual orientation. In 2011, a newly described species of mushroom, Spongiforma squarepantsii, was named after the cartoon's title character.
The show revolves around its title character and his various friends. SpongeBob SquarePants is a lively and sea that is optimistic (although his appearance more closely resembles a kitchen sponge) who lives in a sea pineapple and loves his work as a fry cook at the Krusty Krab. A pet is had by him snail, Gary, whom meows like a cat. Living two houses down from SpongeBob is his best buddy Patrick Star, a dim-witted yet friendly pink starfish who lives under a rock. Despite his "mental setbacks", Patrick still views himself as intelligent. Squidward Tentacles is SpongeBob's next-door neighbor and co-worker at the Krusty Krab. Squidward is an arrogant and ill-tempered octopus who lives in an Easter Island moai and dislikes his next-door neighbors (especially SpongeBob) for his or her childlike behavior. He enjoys playing the clarinet and painting self-portraits, but hates his job as a cashier.
Another close friend of SpongeBob is Sandy Cheeks, a squirrel from Texas. She is a scientist and an expert in karate. She lives in an underwater tree dome. When outside of her dwelling, she wears a suit that is astronaut-like she cannot breathe underwater. Mr. Krabs, a miserly crab obsessed with money, is who owns the Krusty Krab restaurant and SpongeBob's boss. His rival, Plankton, is a small green copepod who owns a low-rank fast-food restaurant called the Chum Bucket, located over the street from the Krusty Krab. Plankton spends nearly all of his time about to steal the secret recipe for Mr. Krabs' popular Krabby Patty burgers, to be able to gain the top hand and place the Krusty Krab out of company.
Other recurring characters appear throughout the show, such as SpongeBob's ever-suffering teacher that is driving Puff; Mr. Krabs' whale daughter Pearl; Plankton's computer wife Karen; the muscular lifeguard of Goo Lagoon, Larry the Lobster; a pirate specter referred to as Flying Dutchman; and retired superheroes Mermaid Man and Barnacle Boy, who are idolized by SpongeBob and Patrick.
The series predominantly takes place in the underwater city of Bikini Bottom which, according for some third-party sources, is situated in the Pacific Ocean beneath the real life coral reef Bikini Atoll. The citizens live in mostly buildings that are aquatic-themed use "boatmobiles", amalgamations of vehicles and ships, as a mode of transportation. Recurring establishments present in Bikini Bottom include two restaurants that are competing the Krusty Krab plus the Chum Bucket; Mrs. Puff's Boating School; and Shady Shoals Rest Home. Goo Lagoon, a popular beach hangout, is within the vicinity regarding the city, as is Jellyfish Fields.
When the crew began production regarding the pilot, they were tasked with designing the stock areas where "...the show would return to again and again, as well as in which all of the action would occur, such due to the fact Krusty Krab and SpongeBob's pineapple house". The concept for the series was "to keep every thing nautical", so the team used an amount that is great of, wood planks, ships' wheels, netting, anchors, boilerplates, and rivets in creating the show's environment.
The series features "sky flowers" as a main setting material. They first starred in the pilot and have now since become a common feature throughout the series. Whenever series background designer Kenny Pittenger was asked what they certainly were, he answered, "They function as clouds in a real way, but since the show takes place underwater, these are typicallyn't really clouds". Considering that the series had been influenced by tiki, the background painters need to use lots of pattern. Pittenger said that the sky flowers were designed to "evoke the look of A hawaiian that is flower-print shirt