His second flowering of the art of marquetry has reached in Europe during the Renaissance. At the beginning of the XVI century. technique of marquetry is distributed in Germany, Holland and France. For the first time began to appear figurative motifs – types of streets, squares, sometimes with human figures, composition arranged in a thoughtful perspective view. Flower vases, books, musical instruments, made in typesetting tree were the only example of still life in the Italian art of that time. But gradually expanded topics, from historical and religious to the different subjects from the area of everyday life. In 1477, in Florence, there were dozens of workshops intarsiatorov 8, which worked greatest masters.
In France, the decor made in the technique of marquetry, is widely used for interior decoration, and that wall panels, wooden stairs and columns, entrance and interior doors. And also, of course, for the inlay furniture. Glory of the best masters deservedly supported by Jean-Francois and Jean-Eben Henry Rizener. They used exotic woods in the development of a panel in the form of landscapes, bouquets of flowers, allegorical images. At the time, the sketches for furniture made great by Sandro Botticelli and Filippo Lippi and the names of Andre Charles Boulle and David Roentgen in his time were known as names of the best furniture craftsmen in Europe, was awarded the honor to work on order of royalty. André Charles Boulle (French cabinet maker, cabinetmaker, the court master of Louis XIV) was one of the most famous furniture makers of the time, which is used in his works elements of marquetry style, using together with different tone and texture woods as copper, bronze, pewter, ivory bone, tortoise shell, mother of pearl. Boulle furniture was covered with a continuous decorative pattern, which combined gilt bronze, copper, brass, zinc, lead, tin, silver with dark tortoiseshell plates. To enrich the plane, Buhl left under the translucent tortoiseshell plates red background, metallic elements covered finest engraving. Inlays Bull started on his own figures differ inexhaustible imagination of vegetable compositions. Of course, it was not the first Frenchman, who took up the delightful art of marquetry, nor did he even became the inventor of a specific type of inlay, which is inextricably linked with his name – style Boulle, but no one before him and few after he used the art of marquetry is so professional and exquisitely. This type of inlay subsequently used for other masters decor wood products. These sets, for example, the door of the hall are decorated by Leonardo da Vinci at the State Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg.
In Germany in the end XVIII. impeccable technique of marquetry famous David Roentgen. Made in collaboration with Michael Rum, its panels are stored in Vienna, at the Museum of arts and crafts, in the museums of St. Petersburg, in the palaces of Gatchina, Pavlovsk, Pushkin.
In other countries, including Russia, the marquetry technique came in later, in the XVIII century. The first experimental work relate to Peter’s time, when the parquet floor have started to appear, the so-called – parketri (parquetry). At this time, the style of marquetry is enriched with new techniques, and begins to apply the etching prokraska wood works are complemented by firing and engraving, which greatly expanded visual capabilities. Famous masters of the style began to perform ne only drawings of ornamental type, but also landscapes, scene composition, the enriched collection of masterpieces.